Regional arts in Indonesia. The diversity of Indonesian society has resulted in Indonesian cultural diversity. One of these cultures is in the form of local art. There are so many local arts in Indonesia. Art is part of the culture and is a means used to express the sense of beauty from within the human psyche. In addition to expressing a sense of beauty from within the human psyche, art also has other functions. In general, art can strengthen the bonds of community solidarity. Here are some local arts in Indonesia.
Debus is a martial arts from Banten that show great human ability. For example immune, immune to hard water and others. This art began in the 16th century, during the reign of Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin (1532-1570). In the days of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa (1651-1692) Debus became a tool to pump the fighting spirit of the Banten people against the Dutch colonists at that time. Debus art is currently a combination of dance and sound art.
Dombret or dongbret is a folk art that develops in the North Coast of West Java, especially in Blanakan Pamanukan Beach, Subang Regency. Besides functioning as entertainment for the fishermen, dombret also serves as part of the ceremony nadran as a symbol of fertility. Dombret is often displayed when the fish auction season arrives and becomes a relaxing entertainment for the fishermen. In addition, dombret also become entertainment for fish buyers, so they often choose to buy fish in the place.
This art has a resemblance to the art of ronggeng (Ketuk Tilu), both seen from the structure of the show, the songs used, as well as the music accompaniment. The term dombret is the same as a doger or ronggeng, a female dancer with singing and dancing skills.
Ketoprak (Javanese: kethoprak) is a kind of performing arts originating from Java. In a ketoprak play, a play interspersed with Javanese songs, accompanied by gamelan is presented. The theme of the story in a ketoprak show is mixed. Usually taken from the story of legend or history of Java. Many also taken stories from abroad. But the theme of the story is never taken from the repertoire of epic stories (epic): Ramayana and Mahabharata. Because later the show is not ketoprak again but a puppet show people.
The lumping horse is also called jaran kepang or jathilan is a traditional Javanese dance featuring a group of warriors riding a horse. This dance uses a horse made of bamboo in woven and cut like a horse shape. This horses woven is decorated with colorful paint and fabrics. The lumping horse dance usually only features a horse-riding scene, but some lumping horse appearances also feature attraction possession, immunity, and magical powers, such as the attraction of eating glass and immunity against the whiplash.
Lenong is the art of traditional theater or Betawi folk theater which is sung in Betawi dialect from Jakarta, Indonesia. This traditional art is accompanied by gambang kromong music with musical instruments such as gambang, kromong, gong, kendang, kempor, flute, and kecrekan, as well as musical instruments of Chinese elements such as tehyan, kongahyang, and sukong. Laken or lenong scenarios generally contain a moral message, that is to help the weak, hate greed and disgraceful acts. The language used in lenong is Malay (or now Indonesian) Betawi dialect.
Ludruk is a traditional drama art from East Java. Ludruk is a traditional drama performed by a group of arts which is held on stage by taking stories about people's daily life, stories of struggle and so on that are interspersed with jokes and accompanied by gamelan as music.
Dialogue/monologue in ludruk is entertaining and make the audience laugh, using the typical language of Surabaya, although sometimes there are guest stars from other areas such as Jombang, Malang, Madura, Madiun with different accents. The straightforward language used on ludruk makes it easily absorbed by non-intellectuals.
Mamanda is the art of theater or traditional staging originating from South Kalimantan. Compared to other staging arts, Mamanda is more akin to Lenong in terms of the relationship that exists between the player and the audience. This interaction makes the audience become active in conveying funny comments that allegedly can make the atmosphere more lively. The difference, Art lenong is now more to follow the era rather than monotonous Mamanda on the storyline of the kingdom. Because in Mamanda art the characters played are standard figures such as King, Prime Minister, Mangkubumi, Wazir, War Commander, First Hope, Second Hope, Khadam (Clown/aide), Empress and Sandut (Princess).
Sisingaan arts typical Subang regency (West Java). Sisingaan or Gotong Singa (another title Odong-odong) is one type of art performance of the people of West Java, typical Subang (in beside other art such as Bajidoran and Genjring Bonyok) in the form of a stretcher playing with lion dolls (Sunda: sisingaan, artificial lions) riding.
Wayang one the peak art of Indonesian culture is most prominent among many other cultural works. The wayang culture includes role art, sound art, music art, speech art, literary arts, painting, sculpture, and also symbolic art. The wayang culture, which continues to evolve from time to time, is also a medium of information, da'wah, education, entertainment, philosophical understanding, and entertainment. Although the popular wayang stories in contemporary society are an adaptation of Indian literary works, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. Both parent stories in the puppet have undergone many changes and additions to match it with the original Indonesian philosophy